Tax treatment loss liquidating distributions
The corporate-level tax consequences of a nonliquidating corporate distribution depend on whether the distribution consists of cash or property (other than cash). The form breaks total distributions down into taxable and nontaxable categories.
The corporation does not recognize gain or loss when it distributes cash to shareholders or when it redeems stock in exchange for cash payments (Sec. When a corporation makes a nonliquidating distribution of corporate property other than cash (including a distribution to redeem stock), the corporation recognizes gain if the property’s fair market value (FMV) exceeds its adjusted tax basis in the corporation’s hands (Sec. Specifically, the corporation recognizes gain as if it had sold the appreciated property for FMV to the recipient shareholder. The portion of the corporation’s gain attributable to recapture items (e.g., depreciation recapture) is ordinary income, as is gain attributable to the distribution of inventory and unrealized receivables. Form 5452, Corporate Report of Nondividend Distributions, is used to report nondividend distributions to shareholders.
When multiple properties are distributed, the corporation computes gain on an asset-by-asset basis (Rev. Gain attributable to capital assets and certain property used in a trade or business (Sec. Corporations generally report nonliquidating distributions to shareholders on Form 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions (Sec. has held his stock for three years, and his stock basis is ,000. The corporation cannot afford to redeem the stock entirely for cash because its cash balance of ,000 must be used primarily to service real estate debt.
However, the shareholders agree that does not care which tract of land he receives in redemption of his stock because he plans to sell the land immediately. Unfortunately, a corporation cannot recognize a tax loss on a nonliquidating distribution of depreciated property (i.e., where the property’s FMV is less than the adjusted basis).
The other shareholders feel that the tracts will appreciate at about the same rate, so they are willing to distribute any of the tracts. ’s shares would be redeemed, and because he is unrelated to the remaining shareholders, the redemption would qualify for stock sale (capital gain) treatment as a complete termination of a shareholder’s interest under Sec. A corporation is generally allowed to recognize tax losses when depreciated property is distributed to shareholders in complete liquidation of the corporation (Sec. cannot deduct a loss on a nonliquidating distribution of depreciated property.
Conversely, if it distributes appreciated property it must recognize gain as if it had sold the property to the shareholder for its FMV.
If the corporation distributes appreciated property, the corporation is taxed on the gain under Code § 311(b).At the corporate level, a nonliquidating corporate distribution can also have varying tax consequences.The distribution may have no tax effect, or it may trigger corporate-level capital gain and/or ordinary income.Unlike the rules that apply to C corporations, which tax income both at the entity and at the owner level, the partnership rules are designed to only tax income once, at the owner level.A partnership’s income, losses, deductions, and credit are passed through to the partners for Federal tax purposes and taxed directly to them, regardless of when income is distributed. Since the partners have already paid tax on the income when it is earned, a complex system of rules applies to prevent double taxation when the income is later distributed to the partners.